Preventing and controlling non-infectious diseases in recent years, the focus of public health in the world, data shows that non-conductive diseases in many countries, especially obesity and diabetes, have increased steady. In the 1980s, the incidence of diabetes in China was less than 1%, and the data in 2013 showed that Chinese diabetes was 11%, which is the largest country, diabetes and complications in the world, the world's second. Previous studies have shown that the diabetes, treatment and control rate of Chinese population are low compared to the United States. In 2015, the prevalence of diabetes in China was 11.2%, and the presubits were 35.2% in diabetes. Recent researchers have studied the changes in diabetes prevalence, understanding, treatment and risk factors.
This study was a cross-sectional national representative survey data of 18-year-old and over-adult adults, 2013-2014 and 2018-2019, collecting 170,287 and 173,642 participant data, and measuring all participants's fasting blood sugar And glycated hemoglobin levels were carried out for 2 hours of oral glucose tolerance test for all participants that were diagnosed with diabetes. The main endpoint of the study is the pre-diabetes and diabetes in accordance with the American Diabetes Association Standard. The secondary result is awareness, treatment, control, and risk factors for diabetes. Among the diabetic patients undergoing treatment, the glycated hemoglobin level was less than 7.0% (53 mmol / mol) was considered to be blood sugar.
In 2013, the participants were 55.8 years old and women accounted for 50.0%; the participants in 2018 were 51.3 years old and women accounted for 49.5%. The study found that the incidence of diabetes rose from 10.9% in 2013 to 12.4% in 2018. The incidence of diabetes rose from 35.7% in 2013 to 38.1% in 2018. In 2018, only 36.7% of adult diabetic patients realized their own diseases, 32.9% were treated, and the blood glucose control rate was 50.1% after treatment, and these three data were not significantly changed compared with 2013. In 2013-2018, in the study population, physical activity is reduced, and the increase in red meat intake, overweight and obesity have significant increase.
In 2013, Chinese adult diabetes and diabetes data
The study found that China's 2013-2018, the incidence of diabetes increased significantly, but the people's diabetes, treatment, and blood glucose control rates were not significantly improved.
Liming Wang et al. Prevalence and Treatment of Diabetes in China, 2013-2018. Jama, December 28, 2021.